The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods provides perspectives on topics relevant to research in the field of business and management
For general enquiries email
Click here to see other Scholarly Electronic Journals published by API
For a range of research text books on this and complimentary topics visit the Academic Bookshop
Information about The European Conference on Research Methodology for Business and Management Studies is available here






Journal Issue
Volume 6 Issue 2 / Nov 2008  pp123‑216

Editor: Ann Brown

Download PDF (free)

Comparison of Web and Telephone Survey Response Rates in Saudi Arabia  pp123‑132

Ali A. Al-Subaihi

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Pragmatic Research Design: an Illustration of the Use of the Delphi Technique  pp133‑140

Trevor Amos, Noel Pearse

Look inside Download PDF (free)


The creation of wealth is an important issue in any society, and entrepreneurship is regarded as an important catalyst in the creation of new wealth. This presents a challenge to develop entrepreneurship successfully. An important site for the development of entrepreneurship is higher education. The challenge however, is that there is a lack of a general understanding on how to educate students for entrepreneurship. In addition, current thought and practice on entrepreneurship education is historically biased, implying that graduates are essentially prepared for the past instead of for the future. From the perspective of higher education, the problem is how to develop current students to be entrepreneurial in the future. What is needed is to project into the future and then to develop an understanding of what should be taught as well as how it should be taught today. A versatile research technique that can assist in achieving this objective is the Delphi technique, as it is used to conduct futures research or research into areas where knowledge is incomplete. The Delphi method is a type of group interview, using the collective opinion of knowledgeable experts. The technique makes use of several rounds of data collection and feedback to create a consensus of opinion. Making use of the Delphi technique, research is being designed that will formulate expert‑based strategic guidelines on entrepreneurial education within the South African higher education sector. The aim of this paper is to illustrate the research design considerations that arise in the use of the Delphi technique for this purpose and how they are addressed. The main characteristics of the Delphi are presented and arguments for the use of the Delphi within a constructivist paradigm are discussed. Practical issues related to the design of the Delphi, panel‑member selection, and the formulation of panel questions, are examined. In illustrating these design considerations, the paper demonstrates a pragmatic approach to research design as well as the importance of creating coherence between the research question, the research paradigm, the research method and its use, encouraging research practitioners to adopt a more systematic, deliberate and philosophically‑based approach to research design. 


Keywords: entrepreneurship, Delphi technique, higher education, entrepreneurial education, innovation, research design


Share |
Undertaking a Structured Literature Review or Structuring a Literature Review: Tales from the Field  pp141‑152

Andrew Armitage, Diane Keeble-Allen

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Tales of an Immersed Researcher: Dealing with an Intimate Experience of Practice, New Perspectives on the Politics of Regulatory Change and Communication  pp153‑160

Peter A. Dyer

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Scale Development Process: Service Quality in Car Rental Services  pp161‑174

Erdogan H. Ekiz, Ali Bavik

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Building Knowledge — Developing a Grounded Theory of Knowledge Management for Construction  pp175‑182

Brian Graham, Ken Thomas

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Grounded Suggestions for Doing a Grounded Theory Business Research  pp183‑198

Keith Ng, Stewart Hase

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Systematic Literature Searching and the Bibliographic Database Haystack  pp199‑208

Douglas Page

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Using Plenary Focus Groups in Information Systems Research: More than a Collection of Interviews  pp209‑216

Polly Sobreperez

Look inside Download PDF (free)