The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods provides perspectives on topics relevant to research in the field of business and management
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Journal Issue
Volume 6 Issue 1, ECRM 2008 / Sep 2008  pp1‑94

Editor: Ann Brown

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Hypermodernist Travellers in a Postmodern World  pp1‑8

Peter M. Bednar, Christine Welch

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Individualised Rating‑Scale Procedure: A Means of Reducing Response Style Contamination in Survey Data?  pp9‑20

Elisa Chami-Castaldi, Nina Reynolds, James Wallace

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A Framework for Mixed Stakeholders and Mixed Methods  pp21‑28

Barbara Crump, Keri Logan

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Active Exploration of Emerging Themes in a Study of Object‑Oriented Requirements Engineering: The "Evolutionary Case" Approach  pp29‑42

Linda Dawson

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Best Practices in Project Management Through a Grounded Theory Lens  pp43‑52

Svetla Georgieva, George Allan

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Structural Equation Modelling: Guidelines for Determining Model Fit  pp53‑60

Daire Hooper, Joseph Coughlan, Michael R. Mullen

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University Academics' Psychological Contracts in Australia: A Mixed Method Research Approach  pp61‑72

Branka Krivokapic-Skoko, Grant O'Neill

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It has been argued that in a workplace environment that is characterised by significant change and uncertainty, the formation and content of the psychological contracts are of increasing importance regarding levels of employee trust, satisfaction, commitment and motivation, and teaching and research outcomes. While research has clearly demonstrated that psychological contracts can have considerable impact upon workplace relations and employee performance, research into the formation, content and effects of psychological contracts between academics and the University has been very limited. The paper used a sequential multi methods research design to explore the formation and content of psychological contracts established by the academics within an Australian University. The empirical research began with exploratory focus group discussions which were followed by a mail survey. The focus groups were carried first to identify the issues and themes that can subsequently be drawn upon to assist with development of relevant survey questions. Focus groups sought to elicit insights and subjective interpretations of the psychological contracts and the consequences of perceived fulfilment or breach. This, first qualitative phase of research has identified four key foci of academic responsibility that greatly influenced the formation and effects of the psychological contracts that have been formed, and these are: the University, the discipline, society, and students. These four categories were used later on to further develop the questionnaire and carry out exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of a larger survey of the academics. Using exploratory factor analysis of the survey data, eight factors were discovered relating to the University's obligations to its employees and three underlying factors were found in relation to individual academic's obligations to the University. In terms of the University's obligation to the academics, the EFA reinforces the importance of leadership and management, fairness and equity (notably in relation to promotion and provision of opportunities for career development). In terms of the academics' perceived obligations to the university, the EFA points to the importance of role expectations and commitment to the job and student learning. 


Keywords: Mixed methods, psychological contracts, academia


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Millennial Students and Technology Choices for Information Searching  pp73‑76

Martin Rich

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White Researcher‑Black Subjects: Exploring the Challenges of Researching the Marginalised and 'Invisible'  pp77‑84

Gisela Schulte Agyeman

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Issues and Challenges in the Use of Template Analysis: Two Comparative Case Studies from the Field.  pp85‑94

Teresa Waring, David Wainwright

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