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Journal Article

Systematic Literature Searching and the Bibliographic Database Haystack  pp199-208

Douglas Page

© Nov 2008 Volume 6 Issue 2, Editor: Ann Brown, pp123 - 216

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Abstract

Researchers performing literature searches are increasingly using bibliographic databases as their initial and dominant resource. While the increasing number, volume and ease of access to academic and other databases potentially speeds searching, researchers require a rapidly evolving set of skills to do this efficiently. Current literature on this topic and research organisations developing techniques in this area are discussed. Aspects to be considered when designing search filters to extract relevant literature are also detailed. Further method development by the author performed during a systematic literature search on the topic of Barriers and constraints for women leaders is additionally examined.

 

Keywords: search filter, literature review, meta-analysis, database, Boolean algebra, women, leadership, social research

 

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Journal Article

Towards a Systematic Approach to Reviewing Literature for Interpreting Business and Management Research Results  pp83-97

Kambidima Wotela

© Nov 2016 Volume 14 Issue 2, Editor: Ann Brown, pp71 - 167

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Abstract

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Keywords: Keywords: Literature review, conceptual framework, academic field of study, interpretive frameworks, theoretical frameworks, interpreting research findings

 

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Journal Article

Multiple Imputation by Chained Equations in Praxis: Guidelines and Review  pp41-56

Jesper N. Wulff, Linda Ejlskov

© Apr 2017 Volume 15 Issue 1, Editor: Ann Brown, pp1 - 56

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Abstract

Multiple imputation by chained equations (MICE) is an effective tool to handle missing data ‑ an almost unavoidable problem in quantitative data analysis. However, despite the empirical and theoretical evidence supporting the use of MICE, researchers in the social sciences often resort to inferior approaches unnecessarily risking erroneous results. The complexity of the decision process when encountering missing data may be what is discouraging potential users from adopting the appropriate technique. In this article, we develop straightforward step‑by‑step graphical guidelines on how to handle missing data based on a comprehensive literature review. It is our hope that these guidelines can help improve current standards of handling missing data. The guidelines incorporate recent innovations on how to handle missing data such as random forests and predictive mean matching. Thus, the data analysts who already actively apply MICE may use it to review some of the newest developments. We demonstrate how the guidelines can be used in praxis using the statistical program R and data from the European Social Survey. We demonstrate central decisions such as variable selection and number of imputations as well as how to handle typical challenges such as skewed distributions and data transformations. These guidelines will enable a social science researcher to go through the process of handling missing data while adhering to the newest developments in the field.

 

Keywords: Multiple imputation by chained equations, MICE, missing data, guidelines, review, R

 

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Journal Article

Undertaking a Structured Literature Review or Structuring a Literature Review: Tales from the Field  pp141-152

Andrew Armitage, Diane Keeble-Allen

© Nov 2008 Volume 6 Issue 2, Editor: Ann Brown, pp123 - 216

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Abstract

The diversity of sources of literature within the management disciplines has resulted in a growing need for a systematic methodology to map the territory of its associated theories and models. As such, when scoping out a doctoral or policy based study the Structured Literature Review (SLR) as espoused by Tranfield et al (2003) can be considered as a means by which critical literature central to and underpinning the research can be rigorously and systematically mapped out. However, there is little guidance, or evidence, of this being the case when undertaking small scale projects for example undergraduate or masters degree dissertations. This paper reports four case studies using semi‑structured interviews of master's degree students following management programmes who undertook a Structured Literature Review (SLR) based dissertation and the issues and problems they had to encounter during their journey. The findings from the case studies suggest that Tranfield et al's (2003) approach to SLR's, whilst suited to doctoral level and policy based research is not appropriate when dealing with undergraduate and masters dissertations and projects. The case study findings identified that these students conducting a SLR had to deal with a new set of conceptual, methodological and data collection problems relating to this 'unorthodox' approach to conducting a postgraduate research dissertation. The findings show that students had to confront new paradigms of enquiry that are not normally taught or found in 'traditional' research texts and research methods courses that are taught on degree programmes. However, the findings do reveal that students gained a greater depth and insight into the subject they were researching through a more rigorous and structured approach. The paper then presents alternative remedies by way of the Rapid Structured Literature Review (RSLR) research strategy which is argued as an appropriate approach in conducting small scale literature based research projects when used with undergraduate and master's degree students rather than the SLR espoused by Tranfield et al (2003) which is better suited for other types of research such as doctoral and policy based activities.

 

Keywords: Literature-based research, systematic literature reviews, synthesis, rapid structured literature reviews

 

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Journal Article

Taking Stock of Research methods in Strategy as practice  pp156-162

Ramya T Venkateswaran, Ganesh N Prabhu

© Dec 2010 Volume 8 Issue 2, ECRM Special Issue Part 1, Editor: Ann Brown, David Douglas, Marian Carcary and Jose Esteves, pp63 - 162

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Abstract

Strategy‑as‑practice research provides understanding of a complex phenomenon in language rich and holistic process terms, rather than statistically significant but limited variance terms. It requires mapping individual and organisational activities in the process of strategizing. This article assesses four research issues in strategy‑as‑practice research and their impact in advancing this field: challenges in bounding the scope of the research question, issues with the unit of analysis, difficulties in defining the dependent variable of outcomes and finally the challenge in specifying a particular level of analysis, all of which present complexities in the design of data collection. We suggest two broad alternative approaches that have the potential to push the frontiers of methodology to greater rigour in strategy as practice research. First, quantification methods that can capture practice can be a valuable tool, a paradigm that has been ignored in much of strategy‑as‑practice research. Second, better process data may be revealed by organizations that voluntarily initiates a consultation process with a researcher as it benefits by doing so, so we suggest that clinical research methods, that include such intervention, provide better understanding of the phenomena of strategizing. We make a case for why these methods must for acceptability in strategy‑as‑practice research.

 

Keywords: strategy-as-practice, research methods, strategy research, clinical research, review

 

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Journal Article

The Collective Use of Forms of Language as Cultural Artefacts to Represent Public Understanding in Case‑Studies  pp25-37

Stanley Mukasa, Terry Warburton

© Mar 2018 Volume 16 Issue 1, Editor: Ann Brown, pp1 - 54

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Abstract

The need to demonstrate both the value of collective forms of language and the richness that interviewee reviews add to constructed analyses is a focus of debate. Researchers undertaking developmental studies have continually affirmed their commitment to demonstrate to the managers of Developmental Charities (DCs) and associated stakeholder groups not only the value a case‑study approach adds to understanding but, more importantly, how better to analyse the perspectives of the different stakeholder groups regarding the management of their organisations. Here we demonstrate a methodology to help achieve this. This paper reflects on a novel case‑study approach used to demonstrate the added value of constructed analyses from data provided by key informants in the construction of case studies for Oxfam GB, Water Aid, Christian Aid, Amnesty International and Action Aid. Using a wide‑range of key informants to provide different insights with regards to the subject of study is an intrinsic part of the methodology. These act as the principals in adding value to data and reviewing the constructed analysis. The constructionist approach used in the development of meanings is a key methodological feature in creating a cumulative cultural text. This fits well with the key features inherent in Representation Theory that guides the choice of methodology. Four components are discussed in relation to a new proposal for case‑study methodologies. These are: Key Informants, Cumulative Cultural Text, Representation Theory, Constructed Public Understanding.

 

Keywords: Case-Study Method, Key Informants, Different Voices, Cumulative Cultural Text, Representation Theory, Interviewee Reviews, and Constructed Public Understanding

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 15 Issue 1 / Apr 2017  pp1‑56

Editor: Ann Brown

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Keywords: big data, business intelligence, qualitative research method, social media analysis, text mining, text analytics, Social Physics, crowdsourcing, multicultural, multidisciplinary, collaborative research, social sciences, Knowledge Cafés, Theory refinement, Theoretical conjectures, Research Methodology, Hermeneutics, Multiple imputation by chained equations, MICE, missing data, guidelines, review, R

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 8 Issue 2, ECRM Special Issue Part 1 / Dec 2010  pp63‑162

Editor: Ann Brown, David Douglas, Marian Carcary, Jose Esteves

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Editorial

Introduction to the ECRM conference issues

The subject of research methods in business is showing an extraordinary level of activity and innovation and this conference (the 9th European Conference on Research Methods in Business and Management) reflected this. Papers ranged from those offering insight and help in applying such favorite methods as Grounded Theory (Douglas and Nunes et al) to those introducing new ideas such as the application of subtextual phenomenology (Valleck). Papers fell naturally into fourteen main themes and these formed the basis of the conference streams. The quality of the papers was of such a high level that it was decided to publish two conference issues, A & B.  Issue A has the best papers on: Grounded Theory, Mixed Methods, Reflecting and Researching one’s own professional practice, Research Methods in Business and Research Methods in Strategy‑as‑practice. Issue B has the best papers on: Qualitative Data Analysis, Research Methodology and methodology issues, Teaching Research Methods and Methodologies and Trust and Ethics

The final selection of papers was agreed by the senior editor of the Journal and the guest editors. The comments of session chairs were taken into account in making the final selection of papers for these two issues of the EJBRM. The papers selected were chosen for their quality of writing, their relevance to the Journal’s objective of publishing papers that offer new insights or practical help in the application of research methods in business research.

Issue A

These papers dealt with the problems facing management researchers in a variety of ways. Two papers develop new ideas (Valleck, Venkateswaran and Prabhu). Vallek’s paper introduces a relatively new method for researching in that it advocates the use of personal experience through the application of subtextual phenomenology (Valleck). The paper by Venkateswaran and Prabhu claim that their topic ‑ strategy‑as‑Practice is just emerging as a new subject. This is the study of individual and organizational actions in the process of strategizing. The paper gives an insightful view of the problems of taking a holistic view of such actions. The two papers on Grounded Theory could not have been more different in their aims, one (Douglas) shows us how the method can be used to identify the differing perspectives of stakeholders, while the second (Nunes et al) offers a valuable insight into managing the key initial stage of the method through the use of pilot studies. The papers on mixed methods (Papadimitriou, Molina‑Azorin and Cameron) both offer insight into how and when to use this method. Papadimitriou is a helpful paper to others in understanding the MMs approach to research. Whereas Molina‑Azorin and Cameron carry out a survey of the way Mixed methods has been applied in a number of key organizational research journals. The remaining three papers offer valuable insights into key steps of the research process: O'hEocha et al give a review of the use of focus groups from the literature which offers us insight into the value and appropriateness of using this technique. Heine uses an example of analyzing the behavior of a niche group to discuss the twin problems of surveys – that of reaching the target group and then motivating them to respond.  Beck et al address the practical problems of making use of data (on major change projects) over which the researcher has little control as to choice or the conditions within which the collection takes place.

 

Keywords: grounded theory, small business, entrepreneurship, pilot studies, context, research design, multilevel mixed design, quality management, higher education, neo-institutional theory, mixed methods research, strategic management, organizational behaviour, quantitative methods, qualitative methods, subtextual phenomenology; phenomenology; arts-based research; first-person research, transcendental phenomenology, intuitive research, focus group, information systems development, evaluation criteria, luxury products, luxury brands, luxury consumers, survey participant acquisition, survey response, viral marketing, field research, external validity, induction, statistical generalization, theoretical generalization, strategy-as-practice, research methods, strategy research, clinical research, review

 

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